Marian Lyric in the Cistercian Monastery during the High Middle Ages
Comitatus Vol.30 (1999)
Marian devotion has a long history within Christendom, especially in the East. Festivals celebrating her as Theotokos or Mother of God seem to go back at least to the fourth century in the Greek speaking parts of
the Roman Empire. It was only in the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries, however, that the West developed a Marian theology which gave her the same exalted position that she had long held in the Byzantine Church.