Medicinal Properties of Cannabis According to Medieval Manuscripts of Azerbaijan
By Farid U. Alakbaro
Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics, Vol. 1:2 (2001)
Abstract: Azerbaijani people have rich and ancient traditions in the medicinal use of cannabis. The traditional methods of its application are described in the medieval Azerbaijani manuscripts in the field of medicine and pharmacognosy written in Old Azerbaijani, Persian, Arabic and date back to the 9-18th centuries AD.
As a result of these studies, it was established that various parts (the roots, resin, leaves and seeds) of Cannabis sativa L. were widely used in traditional medicine of medieval Azerbaijan. Recently, a number of forgotten recipes of the medicines containing cannabis have been deciphered. These recipes of the Middle Ages may be applied in modern medicine once they have been experimentally and clinically tested.
Introduction: Representatives of the plant genus Cannabis are common in the mountains, mid and low country of Azerbaijan, especially near rivers. Medicinal Plants of Azerbaijan classifies them as various forms of a monotypic genus. Other botanists point out that there are two species of cannabis in Azerbaijan: Cannabis sativa L. and Cannabis ruderalis Janisch. Cannabis ruderalis is considered a wild herb, which occurs in the mountains of the Major Caucasus, Nakhichevan, and is also encountered in wastelands between the Kura and Araks rivers. Cannabis sativa is cultivated in these areas for fiber and seeds.