Environmental archaeology and zooarchaeological research at Nogara, “Basso Veronese”, Northern Italy
By Polydora Baker
Paper given at the 4th International Congress of Medieval and Modern Archaeology (2007)
Abstract: This paper focuses on the medieval site of Nogara in the “Basso Veronese” in Northern Italy. Environmental archaeology has been included in project planning from an early stage, ensuring establishment of rigorous recovery systems including wet-sieving and flotation for animal and plant remains. Nogara is a wet site, with excellent preservation due in some cases to waterlogging. Excavation of layers dating to c. 9th-11th c. has yielded many thousands of hand-collected bones and sieved fragments, including a large component of wild mammals birds, and fish. The settlement is documented in the ecclesiastical archives and of interest is the strong monastic influence in the area (in particular exploitation of the forest and wetlands), in addition to the process of “incastellamento”. The site and preliminary faunal information are considered in relation to cultural influences and transformations and previous zooarchaeological research in the Veneto and across Northern Italy.